崇明县 2015 年第一次高考模拟考试试卷 英 语
（考试时间 120 分钟，满分 150 分。请将答案填写在答题纸上） 第Ⅰ卷 (共 103 分)
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. Wednesday. B. Friday. C. Sunday. D. Tuesday. 2. A. By subway. B. By taxi. C. In Richard’s car. D. On Jerry’s train. 3. A. Boss and secretary. B. Guest and hotel staff. C. Tourist and tour guide. D. Customer and shop assistant. 4. A. In a clinic. B. In a supermarket. C. In a restaurant. D. In an ice-cream shop. 5. A. She doesn’t like going outside. B. The man should study now. C. She doesn’t want to study now. D. The man should take some exercise. 6. A. A journalist. B. An artist. C. A teacher. D. An economist. 7. A. He may dislike travelling. B. He may like to travel in other seasons. C. He may be unable to afford the trip. D. He may prefer to travel to other places. 8. A. The way of spending time wisely. B. The trouble of keeping clocks going. C. The number of clocks the man has. D. The reason for the man’s having many clocks. 9. A. The Edwards are quite well-off. B. It’ll be unwise for the Edwards to buy another house. C. The Edwards should cut down on their living expenses. D. It’s too expensive for the Edwards to live in their present house. 10. A. The man was seriously injured in the car accident. B. The man had poor imagination because of the car accident. C. The man wasn’t wearing the seat belt when the accident happened. D. The man’s daughter advised him to wear the seat belt before he left home. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.
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Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following speech. 11. A. The benefits of walking. B. The importance of keeping fit. C. The way of forming a habit. D. The possibility of excising regularly. 12. A. Walking needs much thinking. B. Walking improves people’s memory. C. Walking is suitable for almost everyone. D. Walking helps people concentrate on other things. 13. A. It is the easiest way to lose weight. B. It should be made part of people’s life. C. It can make people’s heart stronger. D. It prevents people suffering from cancer. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. A way to get special rewards from project owners. B. A formal project that can get funded on Kickstarter. C. A special website helping creative projects find support. D. A story about Mozart’s seeking supporters for his concerts. 15. A. 5,000,000. B. 60,000. C. 10,000. 16. A. The projects should be finished by the creators. B. Only well-known people can share their projects. C. Supporters can contribute anything to the projects. D. Creators must promise financial rewards for supporters.
Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. DANIEL’S MEMO
Jan. 9, 2015
THING TO DO: to pick up Lily’s brother at the airport TIME: HIS APPEARANCE: HIS AGE: HIS CHARACTER: PLACE TO GO: 2 p.m. tomorrow shortish with dark brown hair and a thick __17__ in his __18__ easy-going, __19__ but a little shy the cinema __20__ Lily’s office building
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What will Ellen do first? Why can’t John go with Ellen? What does Ellen offer to do for John? Where will they meet later? She will __21__ first. Because he has to __22__ they read in class. She offers to help John __23__. They will meet __24__.
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II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) A woman was waiting at an airport one night. She hunted for a book, bought a bag of cookies and found a place to sit. She was absorbed in her book but happened (25)_____(see) that the man sitting beside her grabbed a cookie or two from the bag in between them. She tried to ignore it. As the greedy cookie thief kept (26)_____(eat), she munched(大声咀嚼) some cookies and watched the clock. She was getting angrier as time went by, thinking, “If I weren’t so nice, I would blacken his eyes.” With each cookie she took, he took one, too; when only one was left, she wondered what he (27)_____(do). With a smile on his face, and a nervous laugh, he took the last cookie and broke it (28)_____ half. He offered her a half, and ate (29)_____ _____. She grabbed it from him and thought, “Oooh, this guy is so rude! Why didn’t he even show any gratitude?” When her flight was called, she gathered her belongings and headed for the gate, (30)_____(refuse) to look back at the rude thief. She boarded the plane, sank in her seat, and looked for her book. As she reached in her baggage, she found her bag of cookies with surprise. “(31)_____ mine is here, the others were his, and he tried to share! How rude I was! It was I who (32)_____ have showed gratitude.” (B) Studying for an exam while listening to music is not smart, (33)_____ background music can reduce your ability to perform memory tasks, new research has found. Study participants were asked to recall a list of eight letters in the order they (34)_____(present). They did this while in five different sound environments: quiet surroundings; music they liked; music they disliked; changing state (an order of random digits); and steady state (an order of steady digits such as “3, 3, 3, 3”). The participants’ recall ability was the poorest when listening to music, regardless of (35)_____ they liked or disliked it, and in changing-state conditions. (36)_____(accurate) recall occurred when participants performed the task in steady-state environments, according to the study (37)_____(publish) online in the journal Applied Cognitive Psychology. “It is the sound variation in the music and changing state (38)_____ reduces the ability to recall the order of items within the presented list,” explained the leading researcher Nick Perham, (39)_____ is a lecturer in the School of Psychology at the University of Wales Institute in Cardiff, in a news release from the journal’s publisher. When performing (40)_____ challenging mental task, do it in silence, Perham recommended.
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Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. embarrassing F. previously B. claims G. properly C. equipped H. features D. launched I. completely E. accused J. unreliable
A row of cars appears to be stranded on a remote road, while a confused man on the left of the photo looks to be checking a roadside map while he calls for help. The street view cars, each __41__ with nine 2.5 meter-high multi-directional cameras, silently travel around the streets, taking pictures of city centers, side streets and even residential areas. They have __42__ captured sunbathing girls, children fighting and even a man dressed as Paddington Bear waving at the camera, raising __43__ about invasion of privacy. But these potentially __44__ shots, taken near Amsterdam, are the first time that the lens(镜头) has been turned on the Google company and its black cars. Google Street View, __45__ in 2007, allows “armchair explorers” to travel the world with a click of a mouse button. It __46__ locations on all seven continents, and its makers claim that 95 percent of the UK has been mapped out on the company’s servers. Some users of the service, who __47__ the company’s Google Maps of being __48__, said that the picture showed that you couldn’t always rely on technology. One said: “This is why I still have a map in my car. I often use Google Streetview, but I never rely on it __49__ or use it to plan routes.” Another added: “It told me to drive straight through a petrol station on one occasion.” A Google spokesperson denied the __50__. She said: “It doesn’t look to me like they’re lost. The drivers undergo training so they know how to use the equipment and it looks like this might more likely be what they’re doing.” III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Surprising new research suggests it can actually be good to feel bad at work, and that feeling good in the workplace can lead to negative outcomes. The study of emotions in the workplace, edited by University of Liverpool researchers Drs. Dirk Lindebaum and Peter Jordan, is the __51__ of a Special Issue of the journal Human Relations. They found that the __52__ held assumption that positivity in the workplace produces positive outcomes, while negative emotions lead to negative outcomes, may be in need for __53__. This is partly due to this assumption __54__ to take into account the differences in work contexts which affect outcomes.
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For instance, anger does not always lead to negative outcomes and can be used as a force for good through acting upon injustices. In some __55__, anger can be considered a force for good if motivated by violations(违背) of moral standards. An employee, for example, could express anger constructively after a manager has treated a fellow worker __56__. In such situations, anger can be useful to __57__ these acts of injustice repeating themselves in the future. Likewise, being too positive in the workplace, __58__ resulting in greater well-being and greater productivity, can lead to self-satisfaction and superficiality(肤浅). One article within the issue also finds that, within team situations, negativity can have a good effect, leading to less __59__ and therefore greater discussion among workers which __60__ team effectiveness. An interesting contradiction(矛盾) is identified in another study of the special issue. Here, people gain __61__ from doing “good” in the context of helplines by providing support to people in times of emotional distress. __62__, they are negatively affected by their line of work due to people trying to avoid them in social situations. Lindebaum said, “The findings of the studies published in this Special Issue __63__ the widely held assumption that in the workplace positive emotions __64__ a positive outcome, and vice versa. This Special Issue adds to our knowledge and understanding of how the positive and negative emotions affect the __65__ environment and has practical application and relevance in the workplace.” 51. A. application 52. A. basically 53. A. reconsideration 54. A. stopping 55. A. aspects 56. A. gently 57. A. prevent 58. A. in spite of 59. A. agreement 60. A. determines 61. A. independence 62. A. Moreover 63. A. support 64. A. contribute to 65. A. social Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. B. topic B. logically B. recommendation B. failing B. companies ` B. strangely B. keep B. apart from B. thinking B. enhances B. knowledge B. Therefore B. challenge B. result from B. surviving C. cause C. commonly C. recognition C. tending C. cultures C. irregularly C. find C. instead of C. production C. reduces C. satisfaction C. Otherwise C. include C. fit in with C. natural D. objective D. blindly D. reassurance D. managing D. cases D. unfairly D. have D. owing to D. initiative D. influences D. strength D. However D. confirm D. get over D. working
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（A） The term “résumé” means a document describing one’s educational qualifications and professional experience. However, guidelines for preparing a global ré sumé are constantly changing. The best advice is to find out what is appropriate regarding the company culture, the country culture, and the culture of the person making the hiring decision. The following list is a good place to start. ? In many countries, it is standard procedure to attach a photo or have your photo printed on your ré sumé . Do not attach a photograph to your ré sumé if you are sending it to the United States, though. ? Educational requirements differ from country to country. In most cases of “cross-border” job hunting, just stating the title of your degree will not be enough. Provide the reader with details about your studies and any related experience. ? Pay attention to the ré sumé format( 格 式 ) you use — chronological( 时 间 的 ) or reverse-chronological order. If you find no specific guidelines, the general preference is for the reverse-chronological format, which means listing your current or most recent experience first. ? The level of computer technology and accessibility to the Internet varies from country to country. Even if a company or individual lists an e-mail address, there is no guarantee that they will actually receive your email. Send a paper copy of your ré sumé , as well as the emailed copy, just to make sure that it is received. ? If you are writing your ré suméin English, find out if the receiver uses British English or American English because there are variations between the two versions. ? Although English is widely accepted today as being the universal language of business, most multinational companies will expect you to speak the language of one of the countries in which they do business, in addition to English. Have your ré sumé prepared in both languages, and be ready for your interview to be conducted in both languages. Most companies will want to see and hear proof of your language skills. ? Be aware that paper sizes are different in different countries. The United States standard is 8? by 11 inches, while the European A4 standard is 21 by 29.7 centimeters. When you send your ré sumé by email, reformat it to the receiver’s standard. Otherwise, when it is printed out, half of your material may be missing! 66. The passage is most probably intended for _____. A. job hunters that seek careers abroad B. companies that do international business C. people that are employed by companies overseas D. graduates that can speak over one foreign language 67. Which of the following is always advisable when a global ré sumé is prepared according to the passage? A. Write it in American English. B. Prepare it in at least three languages. C. Attach or print your photo on it. D. Send both a paper and an emailed copy. 68. From the passage, we learn that _____. A. we can’t list the oldest experience first in a ré sumé B. Asian countries may have the same standard paper size
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C. a ré sumécan help us know about a person’s personality D. a person’s educational background should be included in a ré sumé 69. The passage mainly wants to tell us that a global ré suméshould _____. A. be highly professional B. be especially informative C. be culturally appropriate D. be logically chronological （B）
Heathrow Airport (All terminals) →Reading Dec 1st, 2014 to Jan. 31st, 2015
Reading → Heathrow Airport (All terminals) Dec 1st, 2014 to Jan. 31st, 2015
Mondays to Fridays Terminal 4 Terminal 2 Terminal 3 depart depart depart
0635 0730 0750 0820 0645 0720 0800 0830 0652 0727 0807 0837
Terminal 1 depart
0700 0735 0815 0845
0750 0835 0905 0935
Mondays to Fridays Reading Terminal 1 Terminal 2 depart arrive arrive
0530 0600 0630 0700 0730 0800 0845 0915 2045 2145 0615 0645 0730 0800 0830 0900 0930 1000 2130 2230 0617 0647 0732 0802 0832 0902 0932 1002 2132 2232
Terminal 3 arrive
0620 0650 0735 0805 0835 0905 0935 1005 2135 2235
Terminal 4 arrive
0630 0700 0745 0815 0845 0915 0945 1015 2145 2245
then at the same minutes past each hour until
2150 2250 2200 2300 2207 2307 2215 2315 2305 0005
then at the same minutes past each hour until
Saturdays and Sundays (Also Bank Holidays) Terminal 4 Terminal 2 Terminal 3 Terminal 1 Reading depart depart depart depart arrive
0650 0720 0750 2150 2250
Saturdays and Sundays (Also Bank Holidays) Reading Terminal 1 Terminal 2 Terminal 3 Terminal 4 depart arrive arrive arrive arrive
0545 0615 0645 2045 2145
then at the same minutes past each hour until
2200 2300 2207 2307 2215 2315
0700 0730 0800
0707 0737 0807
0715 0745 0815
0805 0835 0905 2305 0005
then at the same minutes past each hour until
2130 2230 2132 2232 2135 2235
0630 0700 0730
0632 0702 0732
0635 0705 0735
0645 0715 0745 2145 2245
For more information please telephone Reading 0734 6756778
The British Railway Board accepts no responsibility for any inaccuracy in the information contained in this guide, which may be altered at any time without notice. Published by InterCity, a business section of the British Railway Board.
Customers should check in at the Railair waiting-room at Reading Station at least 15 minutes before departure of the coach. Please purchase a ticket before boarding the coach.
70. On December 25th, 2014, the first coach from Heathrow Terminal 1 to Reading departs at _____. A.7:15 B. 7:00 C. 6:50 D. 6:35 71. If you are to reach Terminal 2 of the Heathrow Airport before 10:00 a.m., you need to get to Reading Station not later than _____. A. 8:20 a.m. B. 8:45 a.m. C. 9:00 a.m. D. 9:15 a.m. 72. The information leaflet is produced by _____. A. Reading B. InterCity C. Railair Link D. Heathrow Airport 73. According to the timetable, all passengers should _____. A. buy return tickets B. buy their tickets on the bus C. buy the tickets online D. buy their tickets in advance
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（C） Researchers are reporting the first treatment to speed recovery from severe brain injuries caused by falls and car crashes: a cheap flu medicine—amantadine, whose side benefits were discovered by accident decades ago. Severely injured patients in the United States, Denmark and Germany who were given amantadine got better faster than those who received another medicine. After four weeks, more people in the flu drug group could give reliable yes-and-no answers, follow commands or use a spoon or hairbrush— things that none of them could do at the start. Far fewer patients who got amantadine remained in a vegetative state, 17 percent versus 32 percent. “This drug moved the needle in terms of speeding patient recovery, and that’s not been shown before,” said neuropsychologist(神经心理学家) Joseph Giacino of Boston’s Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, co-leader of the study. He added: “It really does provide hope for a population that is viewed in many places as hopeless.” Many doctors began using amantadine for brain injuries years ago, but until now there’s never been a big study to show that it works. The results of the federally(联邦地) funded study appear in Thursday’s New England Journal of Medicine. A neurologist(神经病学家) who wasn’t involved in the research called it an important step. But many questions remain, including whether people less severely injured would benefit, and whether amantadine actually improves patients’ long-term outcome or just speeds up their recovery. Each year, an estimated 1.7 million Americans suffer a brain injury. With no proven treatment to rely on, doctors have used a variety of medicines approved for other diseases in the hopes that they would help brain injury patients. Those decisions are based on “guesses and logic rather than data”, said Dr. John Whyte, of the Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute in suburban Philadelphia. He led the study along with Giacino. Amantadine, an inexpensive medicine, was approved for the flu in the mid-1960s. The first hint that it might have other uses came a few years later when it appeared to improve Parkinson’s symptoms in nursing home patients. It was found to have an effect on the brain’s dopamine system(多巴胺系统), whose many functions include movement and alertness, and it was later approved for Parkinson’s. It’s now commonly used for brain injuries, and the researchers felt it was important to find out “whether we’re treating patients with a useful drug, a harmful drug or a useless drug,” Whyte said. 74. According to Paragraph 2, the patients in a vegetative state may be those who _____. A. can follow simple orders B. recover faster than expected C. can’t breathe on their own D. show no sign of brain activities 75. According to the passage, Amantadine is a medicine that _____. A. is useful for flu only B. is aimed to improve memory C. speeds up brain injury recovery D. benefits patients’ brain injuries in the long run 76. The aim of the study led by Giacino and Whyte is to _____. A. get enough fund from the federal government B. prove the effect of Amantadine on brain injuries
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C. publish its results in New England Journal of Medicine D. provide hope for patients considered hopeless in the past 77. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. Old Drug, Proven Side Benefit B. Medical Study, New Discovery C. Severe Brain Injury, Quick Recovery D. Different Treatment, Obvious Effect Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Defenders of the French language are angered by plans to introduce courses taught in English at public universities, arguing that France must protect itself against the risk of losing its culture identity. The French Parliament recently started to debate the issue as part of a bill on a broader reform of higher education, but all attention has focused on an article that would lift a 19-year ban on English as a teaching language at public universities. The French government backs the change, which it says would help French graduates compete in a global economy as the country struggles to regain competitiveness. More French students fearing poor job prospects at home, where youth unemployment is nearly 25 percent, are studying and working abroad. One of their main destinations is London, which now has the sixth largest French population in the world. However, opponents of the bill, including professors, lawmakers and the French language supervision body Academic France, say the global community of French-speaking peoples must be defended and that the change would be a betrayal(背叛) of other French-speaking nations. “If France gives other French-speaking countries the wrong signal by leading an attack against the language, that would be a very, very regrettable thing indeed,” said Claude Hagege, a language scientist. France has long defended its culture at home and abroad. In 1994, the so-called “Toubon Law” made the use of French compulsory in all TV broadcasts, meaning all foreign-language programs are dubbed(配音), while radio stations must play at least 40 percent of French music for most of the day. Business leaders criticize France’s low ranking for English proficiency(熟练度)—it placed 23rd in a 2012 global ranking published by education company Education First—even though the use of English has grown notably in academic circles. Higher Education Minister Genevieve Fioraso said offering English would increase the appeal of French universities at a time when they are falling further behind in international rankings. In a 2011-2012 survey by Britain’s Times newspaper, the highest-ranked French university is in the 59th position. Private business schools where English is taught rank higher. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 78. What does “the change” in Paragraph 3 refer to? 79. Some people are against the change because they think it would ________. 80. According to “Toubon Law”, what is a must for TV stations in France? 81. Genevieve Fioraso thinks the release of the bill may help French universities ________.
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第Ⅱ卷（共 47 分） I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 我可以向你保证目前一切都在掌控之中。(assure) 2. 你认为人类定居另一颗行星的梦想会实现吗？(come true) 3. 面对这样突如其来的灾难，这个国家完全措手不及。(unprepared) 4. 没有证据证明受过良好教育的孩子将来就一定会成为非常成功的人。(proof) 5. 智能手机(smartphone)不仅让你了解世界上发生的事情， 而且可以让你随时随地上网购物。 (Not only)
II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 下学期，你们学校将引进一名新的外教，学校针对需要引进什么样的外教，以及如何利用好 外教资源向在校师生广泛征求意见。 请你以学生李敏的名义， 给负责该项目的黄老师写一封电子 邮件，提出你的建议，并陈述理由。邮件须包含以下内容： ? 你对引进什么样外教的建议及理由； ? 你对如何利用好外教资源的建议及理由。 注：邮件中不得提及你的真实姓名或学校。
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