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基于编码技术的塔吊防碰撞系统设计


龙源期刊网 http://www.qikan.com.cn 基于编码技术的塔吊防碰撞系统设计 作者:彭万仓 王水波 王全州 来源:《现代电子技术》2008 年第 16 期 摘 要:现代建筑工地环境复杂、规模庞大、机械化程度日益增高。建筑塔吊的普遍、高 密度使用日显广泛,塔吊的安全越显重要。然而在塔吊防碰撞仍主要依靠司机的人工操作,不 仅影响了施工效率,更难以保证塔吊的安全运行。针对上述问题,这里研究了塔吊防碰撞的原 理,并采用数字传感、嵌入式处理、远程监控等技术设计一种塔吊防碰撞系统,该系统能够对 塔吊之间的碰撞及塔吊与建筑物之间的碰撞进行预警。 关键词:塔吊群;防碰撞;禁行区;建筑工地 中图分类号:TP274 文献标识码:B 文章编号:1004373X(2008)1605104 Application of Encoder Technique in Anticollision of Tower Crane PENG Wancang.1,WANG Shuibo.2,WANG Quanzhou.3 (1.Xi′an Construction Engineering Supervisory Center for Quality and Safety,Xi′an,710014,China; 2.Xi′an Zhimin Measurement & Control Science Technology Co.Ltd.,Xi′an,710049,China; 3.Nothwest Normal University,Lanzhou,730070,China) Abstract:The modern construction site is complex,large-scale,and more and more mechanize, tower cranes are universal highdensity used.The safety of the tower crane appears more important.However,it still relies mainly on manual to keep the tower cranes from collision.It not only affected the efficiency of construction,but also difficult to guarantee the safety of tower crane.Aiming at the abovementioned problems,this paper studies the tower cranecollision theory and designs a tower crane anticollision system with digital sensing,embedded processing,such as remote monitoring technology,which can early warning of collision between tower cranes or between tower crane and structures. Keywords:crane group; anticollision;forbidden area;construction site 1 防碰原理简介 现代建筑业施工环境非常复杂,由此导致了处在这种复杂作业环境下的塔吊防碰问题也多 样复杂。总

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