大庆中学 2017—2018 学年下学期期末考试
高一英语试题 考试时间：120 分钟 满分：150 分
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分）
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。
1.What was the weather like when Beth was at the beach?
2.What will the man do next Friday?
A.Attend a party.
B.Go on a business trip.
C.E-mail the woman a report.
3.What does the man care most about the ring?
4.Where does the conversation take place?
A.At a restaurant.
C.At a supermarket.
5.What will the woman tell Sandy?
A.The material for a meeting. B.The place of a meeting.
C.The time of a meeting.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选
出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。
6.Who will the man go to a soccer match with?
7.What are the speakers discussing in general?
A.What to do tonight.
B.Whether to eat out.
C.When to go bowling.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。
8.What does the man think of his job?
9.What does the man’s sister do?
A.A travel agent.
B.A hotel manager.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。
10.What color is the man’s shirt now?
11.How did the man wash his shirt?
A.He had it dry-cleaned.
B.He washed it by hand.
C.He washed it in a washing machine.
12.What will the man probably do in the end?
A.Keep his shirt.
B.Return his shirt.
听第 9 段材料，回答 13 至 16 题。
13.Why does the hotel have the man’s name?
A.He has been there before.
B.Someone booked the hotel for him.
C.He has the same name as someone else.
14.When will the man get to the hotel?
15.Where will the man have dinner tonight?
A.On the plane.
B.In his room.
16.How will the woman help the man?
A.By calling him a taxi.
B.By preparing a sandwich for him.
C.By picking him up from the airport.
C.Challenging. C.A university student. C.Bright pink.
C.Change his shirt.
C.At 10:00. C.In the hotel restaurant.
听第 10 段材料，回答 17 至 20 题。
17.When did Electrolux produce its first fridge?
18.What makes Electrolux the world’s largest producer of powered equipment?
A.It owns many brands.
B.It has a lot of employees.
C.It creates the best products.
19.What does Consumer Durables produce?
A.Equipment for hotels.
20.What will the listeners do next?
B.Visit the company.
C.Check into a hotel.
第二部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题, 每小题 2 分,满分 40 分）
第一节(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。
Welcome to Holker Hall & Gardens
How to Get to Holker
By Car: Follow brown signs on A590 from J36, M6. Approximate travel times: Windermere — 20
minutes, Kendal — 25 minutes, Lancaster — 45 minutes, Manchester — 1 hour 30 minutes.
By Rail: The nearest station is Cark-in-Cartmel with trains to Carnforth, Lancaster and Preston for
connections to major cities & airports.
Sunday — Friday (closed on Saturday) 11:00am — 4:00pm, 30th March — 2nd November.
Hall & Gardens
Producers’ Market 13th April
Join us to taste a variety of fresh local food and drinks. Meet the producers and get some excellent
Holker Garden Festival 30th May
The event celebrates its 22nd anniversary with a great show of the very best of gardening, making it
one of the most popular events in gardening.
National Garden Day 28th August
Holker once again opens its gardens in aid of the disadvantaged. For just a small donation you can
take a tour with our garden guide.
Winter Market 8th November
This is an event for all the family. Wander among a variety of shops selling gifts while enjoying a live
music show and nice street entertainment.
21. How long does it probably take a tourist to drive to Holker from Manchester?
A. 20 minutes.
22. How much should a member of a tour group pay to visit Hall & Gardens?
23. Which event will you go to if you want to see a live music show?
A. Producers’ Market.
B. Holker Garden Festival.
C. National Garden Day.
D. Winter Market.
From fast food cooks to doormen at restaurant and hotels, robots are slowly entering the workforce in
nearly every industry. Most recently, the world welcomed its first operational robot policeman.
“Robocop”, the newest member of the Dubai police force, made the first public appearance on Sunday
at the Fourth Gulf Information Security Expo and Conference , where it greeted guests. At about 70 inches
tall and weighing nearly 220 pounds, Robocop seeks to engage with residents and tourists. Featuring an “emotion detector(探测器), the robot can recognize a person’s gestures and body language from about 5
Robocop’s skills don’t stop here—the emotionally intelligent bot can detect if a person is happy, sad
and even angry by studying his or her facial expression. And just like your human friends would do, if
Robocop sees you’re unhappy, it will try to lift your spirits. More importantly, when it comes to fighting
crime, the robot uses the Internet, artificial intelligence and other smart technologies to spot offenders using facial recognition. It navigation (导航)skills grant it the ability to map out areas and travel on its own. Equipped with a built-in tablet, Robocop can communicate with people, speak six languages, respond to public inquiries, shake hands and even make military salutes.
“With the aim to assist people on the streets,” said Brigadier-General Khalid Nasser AI Razzouqi, director general of smart services at Dubai Police, “the Robocop is the latest smart addition to the force and has been designed to help us fight crime recently, keep the city safe and improve happiness levels.” 24.According to the text, Robocop can_________.
A.use body language B.make people happy C.cook fast food D.ask questions in public 25.What is the key part when Robocop makes a traveling route? A.Its navigation skills. B.Its built-in tablet C.Its emotion detector. D.Its own ability to travel. 26.Robocop is designed with the original intention of_________. A.fighting crime B.acting as a doorman C.helping people on the streets D.communicating with people 27.What can be the best title for the text? A.Robocop Has Drawn Great Public Attention B.Robocop Is Playing the Role as a Policeman C.Robocop Will Help You Anytime and Anywhere D.Robocop Is on the Way to Replacing the Police Official
C. Since the first Earth Day in 1970, Americans have gotten a lot “greener” toward the environment. “We
didn’t know at that time that there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it,” says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA.
But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement. Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. “The understanding has increased many, many times,” says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first Earth Day.
According to US government reports, emissions (排放) from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 million tons. The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9. Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with, the world is a safer and healthier place. A kind of “green thinking” has become part of practices.
Great improvement has been achieved. In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs; today in 1995 there are about 6600. Advanced lights, motors, and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution.
Twenty-five years ago, there were hardly any education programs for environment. Today, it’s hard to find a public school, university, or law school that does not have such a kind of program. “Until we do that, nothing else will change!” says Bruce Anderson. 28.According to Anderson, before 1970, Americans had little idea about_________.
A.the social movement B.recycling techniques C.environmental problems D.the importance of Earth Day. 29.Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from? A.The grass-roots level. B.The business circle. C.Government officials. D.University professors. 30.What have Americans achieved in environmental protection? A.They have cut car emissions to the lowest. B.They have settled their environmental problems. C.They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities.
D.They have reduced pollution through effective measures.
31.What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph?
Crosstalk, a traditional form of comic storytelling, is making a comeback in China’s tea houses and
Audiences can laugh the night away every
Saturday at the Qianxiangyi Teahouse in Tianjin, entertained by the apprentices(徒弟) of Hou Baolin, Ma
Sanli or Yin Shoushan—all leading crosstalk artists of years past—for only 20 yuan.
The success in Tianjin has also caused the rejuvenation (复活) of crosstalk in Beijing and other places.
Although the art form originated in Beijing in the Qing Dynasty(1644-1911), Tianjin became a place
where rising stars formed their styles and new pieces were tried out. The city was well-known nationwide
for the quality of its crosstalk performances.
Known in Chinese as xiangsheng (literally, “face and voice”), crosstalk was the chief form of comedy throughout most of the 205th century. In the old days in Tianjin and elsewhere, temple fairs and markets
were the main places for crosstalkers to perform, although they occasionally also appeared in teahouses or
Crosstalk pieces draw on every aspect of Chinese culture, from history and folk tales to social issues
of the time. Although there’re hundreds of traditional pieces, they’re constantly rewritten to suit the times
and audience, while new works are written as well. It’s one of the features that have made crosstalk a public
art form throughout its history.
“Crosstalk was in the doldrums(萎靡不振) with competition from other art forms, especially TV,” said
Wang Xiaochun, headmaster of the Northern Storytelling Arts School of China (NSAS). “But it has
regained its status with crosstalk fans, especially young people, growing aware (意识到) of its rare
“More and more students are coming to NSAS to study crosstalk, including some girl students”, said
Wang. “They’re sure that crosstalk will have a strong market.”
32.In Chinese crosstalk means “_________”.
B.face and voice
33.From the text, we can know_________.
A.crosstalk first arouse in Tianjin
B.crosstalk was mainly performed at teahouses in the past C.crosstalk was the most popular art form in the 20th century
D.crosstalk has a history of over 100 years
34.Crosstalk has been a public art form party because_________.
A.it is a popular traditional art after all
B.the pieces contain some famous folk tales
C.the crosstalkers make it return to teahouses
D.the pieces are made to suit the times and the audience
35.We can learn that the future of crosstalk first lies in_________.
A.setting up more storytelling art schools
B.beating TV and other arts
C.young people’s understanding of its value
D.a strong market
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
If you are already making the time to exercise, it is good indeed! With such busy lives, it can be hard to try and find the time to work out. 36 Working out in the morning provides additional benefits beyond being physically fit.
●Your productivity is improved. Exercising makes you more awake and ready to handle whatever is ahead of you for the day. 37
●Your metabolism (新陈代谢) gets a head start. 38 If you work out in the mornings, then you will be getting the calorie（卡路里）burning benefits for the whole day, not in your sleep.
● 39 Studies found that people who woke up early for exercise slept better than those who exercised in the evening. Exercise energizes you, so it is more difficult to relax and have a peaceful sleep when you are very excited.
● 40 If you work out bright and early in the morning, you will be more likely to stick to healthy food
choices throughout the day. Who would want to ruin their good workout by eating junk food? You will want to continue to focus on positive choices.
There are a lot of benefits to working out, especially in the mornings. Set your alarm clock an hour early and push yourself to work out! You will feel energized all day long.
A.You will stick to your diet. B.Your quality of sleep improves. C.You prefer healthy food to fast food. D.There is no reason you should exercise in the morning. E.You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise. F.After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout the day. G.If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing it now, then listen up! 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） When most of us get a text message on our cell phone from an unknown person, we usually say “sorry, 41 number!” and move on. But when Dennis Williams 42 a text that clearly wasn’t intended for him, he did something 43 . On March 19, Dennis got a group text 44 him that a couple he didn’t know were at the hospital, waiting for the 45 of a baby. “Congratulations! But I think someone was mistaken,” Dennis 46 . The baby was born and update texts were 47 quickly from the overjoyed grandmother, Teresa. In her 48 , she didn’t seem to realize that she was 49 the baby’s photos with a complete stranger. “Well, I don’t 50 you all but I will get there to take pictures with the baby,” replied Dennis before asking which room the new 51 were in. Much to the family’s surprise, Dennis stuck to his 52 ! He turned up at the hospital 53 gifts for the new mother Lindsey and her baby boy. Lindsey’s husband was totally 54 by the unexpected visit. “I don’t think we would have randomly invited him over but we 55 it and the gifts.” Teresa 56 a photo of the chance meeting on a social networking website 57 by the touching words: “What a 58 this young man was to our family! He was so 59 and kind to do this.” The post has since gained the 60 of social media users all over the world, receiving more than
184,000 shares and 61,500 likes in just three days.
41. A. unlucky
42. A. received
43. A. reasonable
44. A. convincing
45. A. wake-up
46. A. responded
47. A. coming in
B. setting out
C. passing down D. moving around
48. A. opinion
C. excitement D. effort
49. A. comparing
50. A. accept
51. A. parents
52. A. dream
53. A. bearing
54. A. discouraged B. relaxed
55. A. admit
56. A. found
57. A. confirmed
58. A. pity
59. A. smart
60. A. sympathy
第二节：阅读下面材料，在空白处填上适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
Diets have changed in China – and so too has its top crop. Since 2011, the country 61 (grow)
more corn than rice. Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over 62 past 25 years, while rice
has increased only 7 percent.
A taste for meat is 63 (actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed
chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn’s rise: The government encourages farmers to grow corn
instead of rice 64 (improve) water quality. Corn uses less water 65 rice and creates less fertilizer (化肥) runoff. This switch has decreased 66 (pollute) in the country’s major lakes and
reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people. According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total 67 (globe) fertilizer
consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005 – when the government 68 (start) a soil – testing program 69 gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers – and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the emission (排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China’s approach to protecting its environment while 70 (feed) its citizens “offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide,” says the bank’s Juergen Voegele. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题； 每小题 1 分， 满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（ ? ）,并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Dear Jenny,
Welcome to my school! When you arrive, there will be a party for you organizing by my classmates. You may attend to English classes to feel a differently learning style. After that, you can go to your host family that you can experience the Chinese way of life. You can have meals together chatting anything that interests us.
The host family will also show you around some famous scenic spot. You can see people selling kites everywhere because our city was home to kites. There are many kinds of kites to choose from. So isn’t it the good idea to buy some for your friends?
Write to me unless you have any questions about the schedule. Best wishes.
Yours, Li Hua
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是中学生李华 ，请用英语写一篇短文，介绍一下九寨沟地震的情况，要点如下：
1. 九寨沟县(Jiuzhaigou county)位于地震活跃地带，人们经历了很多自然灾害； 2. 2017 年 8 月 8 日，地震袭击九寨沟，造成巨大损失；人员被埋在废墟下、大量房屋毁坏、许多
人无家可归。 3. 全国各地提供无私帮助。 4. 相信会克服困难，生活会改善。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右；
大庆中学 2017－2018 学年下学期期末考试 高一英语试题参考答案
听力 1-5:ABBAC 6-10:ACACB 11-15:CAACB 16-20:BCABB 阅读理解 21-23:DBD 24-27:BACB 28-31: CADA 32-35: BDDC 36-40:GEFBA 完形填空 41-45:DABCD 46-50:AACDB 51-55:ABACC 56-60:DDBCB 语法填空:
61.has grown 62.the 63. actually 64.to improve 65.than 66.pollution 67.global 68.started 69. that/ which
Welcome to my school! When you arrive, there will be a party for you organizing( 1.organized) by my
classmates. You may attend to(2.omit to) English classes to feel a differently(3.different) learning style.
After that, you can go to your host family that(4.where) you can experience the Chinese way of life. You
can have meals together chatting (5.add about)anything that interests us(6.you).
The host family will also show you around some famous scenic spot(7.spot). You can see people
selling kites everywhere because our city was(8.is) home to kites. There are many kinds of kites to choose
from. So isn’t it the(9.a) good idea to buy some for your friends?
Write to me unless(10.if) you have any questions about the schedule.
5. 九寨沟县(Jiuzhaigou county)位于地震中活跃地带，人们经历了很多自然灾害； 6. 2017 年 8 月 8 日，地震袭击九寨沟，造成巨大损失；人员被埋在废墟下、大量房屋毁坏、许多
Jiuzhaigou county is an area where earthquakes are active. So people there have experienced many natural disasters. On August 8th, 2017, a terrible earthquake struck the area, causig a lot of damage. Some people were buried in the ruins and a great number of houses and buildings were destroyed, leaving many people homeless. Fortunately, people all over the country offered them selfless help. We do believe that they are sure to overcome the natural disaster and their life will pick up.