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陕西省西安市长安区第一中学2015-2016学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

长安一中 2015-2016 学年第二学期期中考试 高二英语试题
第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共 90 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节: (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A, B, C, 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷相应的位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the man think the weather will be like? A. Rainy. B. Windy. C. Sunny.

2. What will the woman do on the weekend? A. Make some plans. B. Work on her paper. C. Go out with her friend.

3. What is probably the woman? A. A student. B. A nurse. C. A teacher.

4. What does the woman want to know? A. Who the lady is. B. Where the bar is. C. What the time is now.

5. What is the woman trying to do? A. Get some small change. B. Find a shopping center. C. Find a parking center.

第二节: (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题 6. What season is it most likely now? A. Spring. B. Summer. C. Winter.

7. Where does the woman work now? A. In a wedding company. B. In a bank of America. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 C. At a radio station.

8. Why does the man need his notebook? A. To know more about the show. B. To study for the test. C. To write notes in. 9. What will the two speakers do after the show? A. Have dinner together. B. Go to the man’s home. C. Go to the woman’s home.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What does the man like to do in his spare time? A. Reading. B. Swimming. C. Yoga.

11. Where does the woman stay in her spare time? A. At home. B. In swimming pools. C. At the gym.

12. What does the woman think of yoga? A. Difficult to learn well. B. Really boring and tiring. C. Good for health and relaxation. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What does the man want to be? A. A pop singer. B. A movie star. C. A great musician.

14. How does the man feel about his future? A. Uncertain. B. Light-hearted. C. Very confident.

15. When will the man go to find a manager? A. After he moves to London. B. After he takes his last exam. C. After he knows his exam results. 16. What will the man probably do at first in London? A. Do part-time jobs. B. Publish his record. C. Earn lots of money.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where does the speaker most probably make the speech? A. At a family get-together. 18. What is Mr Brown? B. At a reception. C. In a class.

A. An assistant manager. B.A clothing businessman.

C.A government official.

19. When did the speaker start to do business with Mr Brown? A. In 1998. B. In 1989. C. In 1988.

20. Why are Mr Brown and his party coming to England? A. To visit some business partners. B. To pay an informal visit to some cities. C. To seek new opportunities for cooperation. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,共 30 分) A ―Cleverness is a gift while kindness is a choice. Gifts are easy – they’re given after all. Choices can be hard.‖ –– Jeff Bezos. I got the idea to start Amazon 16 years ago. I came across the fact that the Internet usage was growing at 2,300 percent per year. I’d never seen or heard of anything that grew that fast, and the idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titles was very exciting to me. I had just turned 30 years old, and I’d been married for a year. I told my wife MacKenzie that I wanted to quit my job and go to do this crazy thing that probably wouldn’t work since most start-ups don’t, and I wasn’t sure what to expect. MacKenzie told me I should go for it. As a young boy, I’d been a garage inventor. I’d always wanted to be an inventor, and she wanted me to follow my passion. I was working at a financial firm in New York City with a bunch of very smart people, and I had a brilliant boss that I much admired. I went to my boss and told him I wanted to start a company selling books on the Internet. He took me on a long walk in Central Park, listened carefully to me, and finally said, ―That sounds like a really good idea, but it would be an even better idea for someone who didn’t already have a good job.‖ That logic made some sense to me, and he convinced me to think about it for 48 hours before making a final decision. Seen in that light, it really was a difficult choice, but ultimately (最后), I decided I had to give it a shot. I didn’t think I’d regret trying and failing. And I suspected I would always be haunted by a decision to not try at all. After much consideration, I took the less safe path to follow my passion, and I’m proud of that

choice. For all of us, in the end, we are our choices. 21. What inspired the author with the idea of building an online bookstore? A. His dream of being an inventor. B. The support of his wife. C. The greatly increasing usage of the Internet. D. Millions of exciting titles. 22. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined sentence?. A. The idea of not trying would keep coming to his mind and disturb him. B. He would be very excited if he tried it out. C. He would be always having a doubt if he didn’t try. D. The decision to not try the online bookstore would terrify him. 23. We can know from the passage that _______. A. the boss thought the idea was suitable for the author B. the author wanted someone else to try the idea C. the author might not regret if he failed the idea D. the author might go back to his boss if he failed 24. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Cleverness and Kindness B. The Starting of Amazon C. Following My Passion D. We Are What We Choose B Each morning Grandpa was up early sitting at the kitchen table, reading his book. His grandson wanted to be just like him and tried to copy him in every way he could. One day the grandson asked, ―Grandpa, I try to read the book just like you, but I don’t understand it, and I forget what I understand as soon as I close the book. What good does reading the book do?‖ The grandpa quietly turned from putting coal in the stove and replied, ―Take this coal basket down to the river and bring me back a basket of water.‖ The boy did as he was told, but all the water leaked out before he got back to the house. The grandpa laughed and said, ―You’ll have to move a little faster next time,‖ and sent him back to the river with the basket to try again.

This time the boy ran faster, but again the basket was empty before he returned. Out of breath, he told his grandpa that it was impossible to carry water in a basket, so he went to get a bucket instead. The grandpa said, ―I don’t want a bucket of water; I want a basket of water. You’re just not trying hard enough.‖ The boy again dipped the basket into the river and ran hard, but when he reached his grandpa the basket was empty again. Out of breath, he said, ―Grandpa, it’s useless !‖ ―So, you think it is useless?‖ the grandpa said, ―Look at the basket.‖ The boy looked at the basket and for the first time he realized that the basket was different. It had been transformed from a dirty old coal basket and was now clean. ―Grandson, that’s what happens when you read the book. You might not understand or remember everything, but when you read it, you’ll be changed, inside and out.‖ 25. What puzzled the grandson most was ________. A. whether it was useful to read books B. why he forgot what he read soon C. what kind of book he could understand D. how he could read books like his grandpa 26. Why did Grandpa ask his grandson to fetch a basket of water? A. To train him to run faster. B. To clean the dirty basket in the river. C. To punish him for not reading carefully. D. To get him to realize the use of reading books. 27. What lesson can we learn from the story? A. The old are always wiser than the young. B. It is foolish to carry water with a basket. C. Reading books can change a person gradually. D. You can’t expect to remember whatever you read. 28. What can be the best title for the text? A. Grandpa and grandson B. Carrying water in a basket C. Reading for total changing

D. Baskets and books C When I first told people I was going to work in Cameroon, the most common reaction was: ―Why?‖ The second was: ―It’s in Africa; you’ll die!‖ The third: ―Where is that?‖ So let me give some answers. I was offered a job that looked interesting in a part of the world I’d never been to before. I’d also long had an interest in Africa, so I decided it was time to find out the reality. A small amount of research showed that in more than 40 years since gaining independence, Cameroon has been a peaceful country with no wars. Not only are there no wars, but Cameroon is a food exporter to the region. Now, after three years, I can say that these have been the healthiest years of my life! No malaria or any of the other frightening diseases you read about when Africa is mentioned. The worst thing that ever happened to me was a bout of food poisoning — once. So what is it like to teach here? Well surprisingly not so different from teaching anywhere else. Most students come to us with a bit of English in their heads. Cameroon is a bilingual country with French and English as official languages, while there are also close to 200 local ethnic languages in a country of 16 million people. French is the dominant language, spoken by about 80% of the population. The local school system is very traditional and somewhat strict. Perhaps not surprisingly when there can be up to 150 students in the classroom (of which maybe 30 have the books, and there are probably seats for 70). Like anywhere else, students appreciate it if you know a bit about their country, and not just Roger Milla (the top scorer of the 1990 World Cup, in case you’re wondering). It helps if you know the names of the ten provinces, know who the first president was, or can say a word in a local language. So in conclusion: Cameroon isn’t just football. Not is it war, poverty and disease. It’s just life and people, like anywhere else. 29. On hearing the writer’s decision, most people _____. A. didn’t understand him C. admired him B. considered it as a joke D. laughed at him

30. According to the passage, Cameroon is _____. A. a country full of diseases C. a poor country, especially lack of food B. peaceful after liberation D. quite different from others in education

31. What can we infer from the passage? A. Food export may lead to many frightening diseases B. Most students in Cameroon do not need books C. Cameroon is not as bad as people commonly believed D. There must be a lot of people suffering from food poisoning.

32. What does the underlined word in the sixth paragraph mean? A. leading B. easy C. only D A scientist turns out to be able to see the future by offering each of some four-year-olds a piece of candy and watching how he or she deals with it. Some children reach eagerly for the treat they see. Some last a few minutes before they give in. But others are determined to wait until the last moment. By the time the children reach high school, something remarkable has happened. A survey found that those who as four-year-olds had enough self-control to hold out generally grew up to be more popular, adventurous, confident and dependable. The children who gave in to emptation early on were more likely to be lonely, easily frustrated and inflexible .Actually, the ability to delay reward is a sign of emotional intelligence which doesn’t show up on an IQ test. The hardware of the brain and the software of the mind have long been scientists’ concerns. But brain theory can’t explain what we wonder about most, like the question why some people D. wonderful

remain upbeat in the face of troubles that would sink a less resistant soul. Here comes the theory of Daniel Goleman, writer of Emotional Intelligence: when it comes to predicting people’s success, brain ability as measured by IQ may actually matter less than the qualities of mind once thought of as ―character‖. EQ is not the opposite of IQ. What researchers have been trying to understand is how they work together; how one’s ability to handle stress, for instance, affects the ability to concentrate and put intelligence to use. Among the elements for success, researchers now generally agree that IQ counts for about 20%; the rest depends on everything from social class to luck. While many researchers in this relatively new field are glad to see emotional issues finally taken seriously, some few fear EQ invites misuse. 33.The experiment with the four-year-olds makes it clear that______ . A. the age of 4 is a proper time for scientific experiment B. emotional intelligence won’t show up until adolescence C. the ability of self-control plays a role in personal success D. candy can be used to measure a person’s emotional intelligence 34.The underlined word ―upbeat‖ in Paragraph 4 probably means______ . A. kind B. floating C. excited D. cheerful

35.Why does the author mention the experiment at the beginning of the text? A. To amuse both the children and readers. B. To prove the scientist’s wisdom. C. To introduce the topic of the text. D. To show us how to do an IQ test. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余 选项。

What do you know about the standard of living of a country? It actually means how much of the goods and services the country produces for an average person to share. 36 Obviously,

the first factor is its ability to produce wealth. ―Wealth‖ in this sense doesn’t refer to money. It’s because we don’t live on money but on things that money can buy, ―goods‖ such as food and

clothing, and ―services‖ such as transport and entertainment. There are various factors that determine a country’s ability to produce wealth. They affect one another. Wealth depends greatly on a country’s natural resources. 37 . Some regions of the

world are rich in natural resources with a fertile soil and a favorable climate; other regions possess perhaps only one of them; some, unfortunately, possess none. The USA has everything listed above. 38 The Sahara Desert, on the other hand, is one of the least wealthy.

Also, the ability to put natural resources to use counts, which goes without saying. 39 As we see, old countries that have trained so many skilled workers over centimes are better at producing wealth than those whose workers are mainly unskilled. Besides, with their wealth increasing, people have more for saving and can put their savings into factories and machines, which, in turn, will help workers to produce more goods. 40 A. That means wealth itself also produces wealth. B. No wonder it is one of the wealthiest regions of the world. C. Natural resources are equally distributed around the world. D. And next comes the technical efficiency of a country’s people. E. You may ask what factors contribute to a country’s standard of living F. They include coal, oil, gas, gold, other minerals, water supply and so on. G. But that doesn’t make it a most wealthy country because it’s often hit by disasters. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共三节:满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白的最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 With the help of Gloria ,his wife ,Tom Peterson worked for many years to build a solid business selling television sets, stereo systems, and home appliances. Tom developed an excellent 41 with their full satisfaction guarantee and friendly service. He was proud of his high percentage of repeat 42 . About five years ago, Tom was 43 by the owners of a competing company, Stereo Super Stores. They wanted him to 44 them out. The price was very attractive. Everything looked

good. Before making his final 45 Tom asked Gloria what she thought about the purchase. She

told him that 46 the numbers looked good it didn't feel 47 self-confident and so convinced that this was a rare

to her. However, Tom was so 49 .

48 , he went ahead and made the

Within months he discovered that he had made a big 50 .He had paid too much for a 51 company. He tried as hard as he could to make it work out, but he couldn't turn things 52 . He was forced into bankruptcy(破产). He was about to lose everything, including his 53 business. Tom was embarrassed, but he is a survivor. He looked at his situation. He decided to 54 admit his mistake and, rather than getting stuck in lawsuits(诉讼), he would focus his 55 on saving and rebuilding his original business. He saw also that he had made a mistake by not listening to his 56 , and that he needed to learn from this 57 .He dealt with the crisis in a way that delighted people, who in turn 58 respect for him. Old customers poured into his store. He and Gloria 59 _to changes in retailing(零售) and have built an even better business than before. In the business world, it is natural to gain and lose, of 60 Peterson’s experience is an example. Only those who regard their mistakes as gifts and learn from them attract endless profits.

41. A.popularity 42. A.customers 43. A.appointed 44. A.sell 45. A.decision 46. A.as though 47. A.terrible 48. A.possibility 49. A.profit 50. A.difference 51. A.dying 52. A.in

B.reputation B.assistants B.approved B.pay B.choice B.now that B.fair B.occasion B.purchase B.discovery B.controversial B.around

C.cause C.friends C.approached C.buy

D.foundation D.visitors D.appreciated D.check

C.determination D.judgement C.even though C.right C.event C.reservation C.commitment C.clumsy C.down D.in case D.attractive D.opportunity D.appointment D.mistake D.tiring D.up

53. A.original 54. A.quietly 55. A.beliefs 56. A.producer 57. A.experience 58. A.won 59. A.belonged 60. A.them

B.various B.loudly B.spirits B.wife B.enterprise B.showed B.adapted B.what

C.unique C.openly C.attempts C.relative C.process C.achieved C.adopted C.that

D.precious D.secretly D.energies D.adviser D.history D.earned D.appealed D.which

第 II 卷(非选择题,共 60 分) 第三部分 英语知识运用(共三节:满分 45 分) 第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下列材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Many people think that teachers give pupils too much homework . They say that it is unnecessary 61 children to work at home in their free time.Moreover, they argue that most

teachers do not 62 (proper) plan the homework tasks they give to pupils.The result is that pupils have to repeat tasks that they 63 (do) at school already. In Greece,many parents complained about the difficult homework that teachers gave to their children.The parents said that most of the homework was 64 waste of time,and they wanted to stop it.Spain and Turkey are two countries 65 stopped homework.In Denmark,Germany

and several other countries in Europe,teachers cannot set homework at weekends.In Holland, teachers allow pupils 66 (stay)at school to do their homework.The children are free to help (exist) in some British schools.

one another.Similar arrangement also 67

Most people agree that homework is not fair.A pupil doing his homework in a quiet and comfortable room is in a much small,69 68 (good) position than a pupil who does his homework in a

(noise) room with the television on.Some parents help their children with their 70 children’s homework at all.

homework.Other parents take no interest in

第三节:单词拼写(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 71. Fresh air is ________(有益)to our health. 72. He delivered a course of lectures on world ________(事务). 73. The manager ________(敦促) older staff to take up early retirement.

74. Jason told me that he ________(目睹) his wife kissing another guy. 75. I see them about once a ________(两周). 76. He ________(调整) himself very quickly to the heat of the country. 77. The striking office workers have ________(占据) the whole building. 78. He experienced great difficulty in getting a ________(签证) to leave the country. 79. The book is ________(推荐) for its interesting story. 80. What was the real reason for your ________(缺席)? 第四部分 写作(共两节:满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每句不超过两个错误; 2. 每处错误及其修改均只限一词; 3. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 We senior school students do have some growing pains. Take some of my classmate for example,they often feel upset because the expectations from parents,endless homework and the pressure of exams. These serious affect their physical and mental wellbeing. Therefore,I think about it quite necessary to take measures to relieve the pains. First,it is a good idea to having hearttoheart talks with our parents,tell them we won’t disappoint them. Meanwhile,it’s advisable to spare some time to take some exercise beside our devotion to the studies so that we will always feel relaxing and energetic. As long as we were fully prepared,we are sure to achieve great success in my academic performance. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 张楠的父亲有位美国同事, 他的孩子约翰史密斯即将来华。 约翰写信向张楠询问一些有 关他所在城市的问题。张楠回信,内容如下: 得知约翰要来非常高兴。告诉他可能遇到一些不同于美国的情况。气候:冬天冷,有时 下雪。夏天几乎不下雨,但一下起来就很大。提醒约翰带雨衣、棉衣。饮食:饮食与美国很 不同,他应尽力适应中国饮食,并要学会如何使用筷子。最后,请他带一张美国地图,希望 早日能见面。 注意:不要直接翻译要点,可适当增加细节;词数:100—120 字

长安一中 2015—2016 学年度第二学期期中考试 高二英语参考答案及评分标准(重点、平行班) 第一部分 听力(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 1~5 CBACA 6~10 ACBCB 11~15 ACACB 16~20 ABBAC 第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 21—24 CACD 36—40 EFBDA 第三部分 英语知识运用 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 41—45 BACCA 46—50 CCDBD 51—55 ABACD 56—60 BABBD 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 61. for 66. to stay 62. properly 67. exists 63. have done 68. better 64. a 69. noisy 65. which /that 70. their 25—28 ADCC 29—32 ABCA 33—35 CDC

第三节:单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 71. beneficial 72. affairs 73. urged 77. occupied 78. visa 第四部分 写作 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 1.classmate---classmates 2. because 后面加 of 3.serious--seriously 4. 去掉 about 74. witnessed 75. fortnight 76. adjusted 79. recommended 80. absence

5. having---have 6. tell---telling 9. were---are 10. my---our

7. beside---besides

8. relaxing---relaxed

第二节 书面表达(共 25 分) Dear John, I was excited to hear that you would come to China next month. Now let me tell you something different you may meet here. To begin with, the weather here is totally different from that in your place. It hardly ever rains but whenever it does, it rains heavily. So you’d better bring a raincoat and overcoat. Another big difference is food. The Chinese food is quite different from yours. You have to try to get used to it, and learn how to use chopsticks. I’m sure you can do it. Finally please bring me a big American map if possible. Thank you very much. I am looking forward to meeting you.

Yours Zhang Nan


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