有时由于句子结构的需要或表示强调，就要采用倒装形 式。将谓语动词完全移到主语之前称为完全倒装，只将助动 词或情态动词放到主语之前称为部分倒装。 强调性倒装和以 so, neither, nor 开头的句子是高考热点。 （一）倒装句的意义 1、适应一定的语法结构的需要，主要是指疑问句句型结构 的需要。 e.g. May I come in? Was the People’s Liberation Army founded in 1927? 2、为了强调某一部分，而把这部分放到句首，构成倒装。 e.g. Never have I been late for school this term. So early did he come to school that no other students came.
地点、 ① here, there, out, in, up, down, off 等表地点、方位 地点 方位的副词或 句首时, 用完全倒装。 介词词组位于句首 句首 There goes the bell. Here is an apple for you. Out rushed the girl. From the valley came a frightening sound. South of the city lies a big steel factory. 时间的副词放句首 句首，完全倒装 ② now, then 等表示时间 时间 句首 Now comes our turn. 分词放句首，完全倒装。 ③ 分词放句首
Gone are the days when the working people suffered from cold and hunger. Attending the meeting are all the members of the committee.
③ so 或 neither / nor 表示“也”“也不 也 、 也不”时，部分倒 也不 装。 ---I am watching TV. ---So is she. ---My parents didn’t watch TV last night. ---Neither (Nor) did I. 若别人说的既有肯定、 既有肯定、 又有否定或用了不止一种动词 用了不止一种动词， 既有肯定 又有否定 用了不止一种动词 则用 So it is with me. He was born in Beijing and lives in Shanghai. So it is with me. 的确” 不倒装。 注：so 表“的确” 不倒装。 ， ---He is such a nice man. ---So he is. 表语或状语 ④as 引导的让步从句中的表语 状语 表语 状语提前时。 Proud as they are, they are afraid to see me. Child as he is, he seems to know everything. （child 前不加冠词） Hard as he worded, he made little progress. ⑤表“如此…以至于…”结构中的“So + 形容词、副 词”及“such” 置于句首 句首时要倒装。 句首 So cold was the weather that we had to stay at home. Such was the force of explosion that all the windows were broken. 条件句含 were, had, should， 可将他们提前， 并 ⑥虚拟条件 条件 省略 if。 Were I you (= If I were you), I would go abroad. Should he come (=If he should come), tell him to ring me up. Had I known what was going to happen, I would never have left her alone.
注：主语是代词时，不用倒装。 主语是代词时， 倒装。
Here you are. There she goes.
在符合部分倒装的句中 不管主语是名词还是 部分倒装的句中， 注：①在符合部分倒装的句中，不管主语是名词还是 代词，都要倒装。 代词，都要倒装。 ②部分倒装的都是主句
练习： 练习： 1. 改错 Only after the war learned he the sad news. Only when did he return did we find out the truth. Only can he answer the question. 2. 单项选择 1. Not until I began to work ____ how much time I had wasted. A. didn’t I realize B. did I realize C. I didn’t realize D. I realized 2. Only by practicing a few hours every day ____ be able to master the language. A. you can B. can you C. you will D. will you 3. If you don’t go, neither ____. A. shall I B. do I C. I do D. I shall 4. No sooner ____ to the station ____ the train left. A. had I got, when B. I had got, than C. had I got, than D. did I get, when
在部分倒装句中，如果谓语动词无助动词 无助动词，则需找助动 无助动词 找 词来帮助它构成倒装句。 否定意义的词如 hardly, never, not, not only, little, ①含有否定 否定 seldom, no longer, no sooner…than, not until 等位于句首 句首时。 句首 Little did he say at the meeting. Never shall I forget the day when I joined the Army. Not only did I make a promise, but I also kept it. Not until the teacher came in did the students stop talking. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain. = Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. 状语位于句首 句首时，主句 ②only + 时间、地点、方式、原因等状语 状语 句首 倒装。 Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to wrk. Only in this way can we learn English well. 主语，不倒装。 注：only + 主语，不倒装。
5. ---- Your father is very strict with you. ---- ____. He never lets off a single mistake of ours A. So he is B. So is he C. He is so D. So does he 6. ____ today, he would get there by Sunday. A. Would he leave B. Was he leaving C. Were he to leave D. If he leave 7. Never in my life ____ such a thing. A. I have heard or have seen B. have I heard or seen C. I have heard or seen D. did I hear or see 8. ---- Here ___! Where is Xiao Liu? ---- There____. A. comes the bus, is he B. comes the bus, he is C. the bus comes, is he D. the bus comes, he is 9. ____ , I will not buy it. A. Much as do I like it B. As much I like it C. Much as I like it D. As I like it much 10. ---- I like football. I don’t like volleyball. ---- ____. A. So do I B. Neither do I C. So it is with me D. So is it with me 11._____ the expense, I _____ to Italy. A. If it were not, go B. Were it not for, would go C. Weren't it for, will go D. If it hadn t been, would have gone 12. So _____ in the darkness that he didn' t dare to move an inch. A. he was frightened B. was he frightened C. frightened he was D. frightened was he 13. _____ he realized it was too late to return home. A. No sooner it grew dark than B. Hardly did it grow dark when C. It was not until dark that D. It was until dark that 14.—You have an English class every day except Sunday. --- _____. A. So we have B. So we do C. So have we D. So do we 15.1 wonder if your wife will go to the ball. If your wife _____, so _____ mine. A. does; will B.will; does C.will; would D.does; do 16. Only after I read the text over again _____ its main idea. A. that I knew B.did I knew C. I could know D. I did know 17.—You seem to have learned all the English words by heart. A.So I do B.So do I C. So I have D. So have I 18. So little _____ agree on the plan that they could not settle their difference. A. did they B. do they C. they did D. they did not 19. So excited _____ that he couldn't say a word. A. he seemed B. did he seem C. was he seeming D. he did look 20. Jimmy was so nervous that not a single word _____ down in the dictation. A. he wrote B. he was written C. did he write D. was he written 21. Little ______ when 1 took the trip where it would lead me. A. have I known B. had I known C. do I know D. did I know 22. The war of Resistance against Japan ended in 1945, and then _____. A. followed three years of China’s War of Liberation B. following three years of China’s War of Liberation C. three years of China’s War of Liberation followed D. did three years of China’s War of Liberation follow 23. _____ , 1 would accept the invitation and go to the party. A. Were I you B. Was I you C. Had I been you D. Would 1 be you
24. You should work less _____. A. and neither should I B. and so should I C. and nor should I D. and so I should 25. _____ and caught the mouse. A. Up the cat jumped B. The cat up jumped C. Up jumped the cat D. Jumped up the cat 26. Not only _____ a promise, but also he kept it. A. did he make B. he made C. does he make D. has he made 27. His uncle is a worker and has been working in the factory for more than ten years. _____. A. So is his aunt B. So has his aunt C. So his aunt does D. So it is with his aunt 28. Not once _____ their plan. A. did they change B. they changed C. changed they D. they did change 29.—Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? —I don't know, and ______ . A. nor don't I care B. nor do I care C. I don't care neither D. I don't care also 30. Not until he arrived home _____ he find that this wallet had been stolen. A. did B. would C. when D. that 31. Hearing the cat mewing, off _____. A. fled all the mice B. fleeing all the mice C. away fled the mice D. all the mice fled away 32. Nowhere else in the world _____ cheaper tailoring（成衣 业）than in Hong Kong. A. a tourist can find B. can a tourist find C. a tourist will find D. a tourist has found 33. _____ succeed in doing anything. A. Only by working hard we can B. By only working hard we can C. Only we can by working hard D. Only by working hard can we 34. _____ that we all went out, lying in the sun. A. So fine was the weather B. So was the fine weather C. The weather was so fine was D. So the weather was tine 35. ____ a nice man ____ that we all believe him. A. So; did he seem B. So; he seemed C. Such; he seemed D. Such; did he seem 36. —You seem to be an actor. —_____. I have played many parts in a lot of films. A. So do I B. So am I C. So I do D. So I am 37. Autumn coming, down _____. A. do the leaves fall B. the leaves will fall C. fall the leaves D. will the leaves fall 38. No sooner ____ they rushed out into the street. A. did they hear the news than B. did they hear the news when C. had they heard the news than D. had they heard the news when 39. _____ , he would have passed the exam. A. If he were to study B. If he studied hard C. Had he studied hard D. Should he study hard 40. We were lucky enough, for no sooner _____ home _____ it rained. A. we returned; and B. we had returned; when C.did we return; when D. had we returned; than