Unit 4 Pygmalion
1．plot n． 2．garment n. (pl.) 3．handkerchief n. 4．disguise vt. n. 5．ambassador n.
服装 手帕；手绢；纸巾 伪装；假扮；遮掩 伪装 大使；使节
6．authentic adj. 7．cookie n. 8．cream n. 9．nail n. 10．stocking n. 11．antique adj. n.
饼干 奶油；面霜 指甲；钉子
长袜 古时的；(因古老、稀少而)珍贵的 文物；古董；古玩
12．referee n． 13．sob vi. n. 14．laundry n. 15．waist n. 16．alphabet n.
1．adaptation n． 2． classic adj. n. 3． professor n. 4． fateful adj. 5．woollen adj. 适应(性)；改编本 经典的；第一流的 经典著作 教授 重要的；决定性的；命中注定的 毛纺的；纯毛的(〈美〉woolen)
6． hesitate vi. 7． uncomfortable adj. 8． uncomfortably adv. 9． troublesome adj. 10． outcome n. 11． mistaken adj. 12． brilliant adj.
犹豫；踌躇 不舒服的；不安的；不自在的 不舒服地；不自在地 带来麻烦的；使人心烦的 结果；效果 (见解或判断上)错误的；不正确的 光辉灿烂的；杰出的；才华横溢的
13． classify vt. 14． remark n. vt.&vi. 15． betray vt.
把……分类；把……归类 谈论；言论；评述 谈论；评论；说起 显露出(本来面目)；背叛 (位置或地位)较高的；级别较高的 不同寻常的；非凡的
16． upper adj. 17． extraordinary adj.
18． condemn vt.
19． properly adv. 20． acquaintance n. 21． handful n. 22．amazement n. 23． wallet n.
适当地；恰当地 相识；了解；熟人 一把；少量 惊讶；惊愕 皮夹；钱包
24． thief n． 25． status n. 26． superior adj. n. 27． disapprove vt.&vi. 28． rob vt.
小偷；贼 身份；地位；职位 优秀的；较高的；上级的 上级；长官 不赞成；反对；认为不好 抢劫；盗窃；剥夺
29． musical adj. n. 30．overlook vt. 31． fade vi.&vt. 32． shabby adj. 33． compromise n．& vi. 34． horrible adj.
音乐的；喜爱音乐的 音乐喜剧 俯视；忽视；不理会 (使)褪色；减弱；逐渐消失 破旧的；寒酸的 妥协；折衷 可怕的；恐怖的
35．disgusting adj. 36． whistle vi. n. 37．fortune n. 38． effective adj. 39． show ... in 40． generally speaking
使人反感的；令人厌恶的 吹口哨；发出汽笛声 口哨声；汽笛声 机会；运气；大笔的钱 有效的 带或领……进来 一般来说
41． once more 42． in need of 43． fade out 44． pass ... off as ... 45． in terms of ...
再一次 需要…… (声音、画面)逐渐模糊；渐淡 (把某人)改变或冒充成…… 就……来说；从……角度 结识；与……相见 震惊；惊讶 伪装(的)；假扮(的)
make one's acquaintance 46．_____________________
47． in amazement 48．in disguise
( 一) 核心单词
1．plot n． 2．garment n. (pl.) 3．handkerchief n. 4．ambassador n. 5．stocking n． 6．cookie n.
服装 手帕；手绢；纸巾 大使；使节
7．cream n. 8．waist n.
9．referee n. 10．laundry n． 11．alphabet n. 12．antique adj. n.
1． properly adv. 适当地；恰当地 俯视；忽视；不理会 结果；效果；后果 吹口哨；发出汽笛声 口哨声；汽笛声 显露出(本来面目)；背叛 (位置或地位)较高的；级别较高的 相识；了解；熟人 一把；少量 不同寻常的；非凡的 2． overlook vt. 3． outcome n. 4． whistle vi. n. 5． betray vt. 6． upper adj. 7． acquaintance n. 8． handful n. 9． extraordinary adj.
10． superior adj. n. 11. fade v. 12． condemn vt.
优秀的；较高的；上级的 上级；长官 (使)褪色；减弱；逐渐消失 谴责； 使……处于不幸(不愉快)的状态
13． compromise n．& vi. 妥协；折衷 14． troublesome adj. 15． brilliant adj. 16． shabby adj. 17． status n. 带来麻烦的；使人心烦的 光辉灿烂的；杰出的；才华横溢的 破旧的；寒酸的 身份；地位；职位
1．We need to hold back global warming and prepare for its
outcome (后果)． ________
2．Friends are not books, yet books are friends. Friends may
betray (背叛) you, while books are always loyal. _______
3．“Seize the day, boys.
extraordinary (非凡 Make your lives ____________
的)．”from the film Dead Poets Society touched me most. 4．This new machine is technically far superior (优秀的) to the previous type.
5．Some people believe that students should be allowed to take
properly mobile phones to school as long as they use them ________
overlooked (忽视), 6．However, mental health is easy to be ___________
which can result in serious mental diseases. 7．The telegram has faded (逐渐消失) out in our life now, and gone with it are telegraph operators.
adapt v．(使)适应；改编 1．adaptation n．适应(性)；改编本→______
2．classic adj.经典的；第一流的 n．经典著作→ class n．班级； 阶级；等级→ classical adj.古典的
professional 3．professor n．教授→ profession n．职业；专业→___________
adj.专业的 n．专业人员 4．fateful adj.重要的；决定性的；命中注定的→ fate n．命运 5．woollen adj.毛纺的；纯毛的→ wool n．羊毛 6．hesitate vi.犹豫；踌躇→ hesitation n．犹豫；踌躇
7 ． uncomfortable adj. 不 舒 服 的 ； 不 安 的 ； 不 自 在 的
comfortably uncomfortably adv. 不舒服地；不自在地→___________ →______________
adv.舒服地；舒适地→ comfortable adj.舒适的；舒服的 8． mistaken adj.(见解或判断上)错误的； 不正确的→mistake n． &v. 错误；误会 9．classify vt.把……分类；把……归类→ classification n．分类； 归类
remarkable 10． remark n． 谈论； 言论； 评述 v． 谈论； 评论； 说起→___________
amazed adj. 11． amazement n． 惊讶； 惊愕→ amaze vt.使吃惊→________
吃惊的→ amazing adj.令人吃惊的
12．fortune n．机会；运气；大笔的钱→ fortunate adj.幸运的
fortunately adv.幸运地 →__________ approve v．赞成 13．disapprove v．不赞成；反对；认为不好→________
robber 14．rob vt.抢劫；盗窃；剥夺→ robbery n．抢劫(行为)→_______
n．强盗；盗贼 15． musical adj.音乐的； 喜爱音乐的 n． 音乐喜剧→ music n． 音 乐→ musician n．音乐家
16．horrible adj.可怕的；恐怖的→ horror n．恐怖 17．disgusting adj.使人反感的；令人厌恶的→ disgust vt.使反感
disgusted adj.反感的 →__________
18．effective adj.有效的→ effect n．效果；影响
1．In the lecture, the professor said that his cultivate more professionals
profession is to
for the country. (profession)
2．Yesterday an old woman mistook me for her daughter. That means I was mistaken for her daughter. In fact she often makes the same mistake . (mistake) 3． Don't hesitate to ask for help and solve the problem without
hesitation (hesitate) __________.
4．Tom is often fortunate . Last year he went to Shanghai to try his fortune. Fortunately , he met and married his girlfriend there. (fortune)
5．To my amazement，the amazing news amazes the family and their neighbors are also amazed . (amaze) 6．Three of his novels have been adapted for TV and this is a screen adaptation . (adapt) 7．Jane was robbed of her diamond ring the other day and the
robber was caught by the police very soon. (rob) _______
8． Her house is modern and comfortably furnished, but she always feels slightly uncomfortable the moment she comes in. (comfortable)
9．The books in the library are classified by subject and its
classification is very convenient to the students and ____________
musical 10．Mike likes music very much. There were many _______
instruments in his room. When he was young, he wanted to be a famous musician . (music)
( 二) 常用短语
1．once more 2． fade out 3． in disguise 4． in terms of ... 5． in need of 再一次 (声音、画面)逐渐模糊；渐淡 伪装(的)；假扮(的) 就……来说；从……角度 需要……
6． pass ...off as ... 7． rob sb. of sth. 8． show ...in 9． generally speaking 10．make one's acquaintance
(把某人)改变或冒充成…… 抢劫某人某物 带或领……进来 一般来说 结识；与……相见
1．It is difficult to express it in terms of science.
in need of 2．Judging from his expression, he probably is __________
help now. 3．She passed herself off as a servant into the nobleman's house. 4．She was robbed of her handbag with the considerable sum of $5,000 in it. 5．Generally speaking , how much you're paid reflects how important you are to the company you're looking for. 6．As the proverb says, an enemy in disguise sheep's clothing. is a wolf in
( 三) 经典句式
原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写
1.Will that be of any use to you? 那对你有用吗？
be of＋抽 象名词。
很有帮助。 Going to library often is of much help to your ____________________
What if ...?
2.What if I was? 如果我是，又怎么样呢？
“如果…… 将会怎么 样？”。
What if this problem __________________ has to be solved ______________ in
the next half hour？
3.Henry sitting Higgins deep and in
Colonel Pickering are
conversation. 亨利 · 希金斯与皮克林 上校正坐在那儿进行 深入的交谈。
Deep in the book ________________,
he didn't notice
the teacher came into the classroom.
1．hesitate vi.犹豫；踌躇 [教材原句] A gentleman (G) passes and hesitates for a moment.
(1)hesitate to do sth. hesitate about/in/at/over (2)hesitation n. without hesitation have no hesitation in doing sth.
犹豫做某事 对……犹豫不决 踌躇；犹豫 毫不犹豫地 毫不犹豫地做某事
①The Mullers didn't hesitate to give (give) their phone number to the street people and told them to phone anytime. ②Seeing the girl struggling in the lake, he threw himself in the icy
hesitation (hesitate), and saved her from drowning. water without _________
③Please have no hesitation in writing (write) to me if you want me to do something for you in China. ④He was still hesitating about/in/at/over whether to leave or not.
2．remark n．谈论；言论；评述 vt. & vi.谈论；评论；说起 [教材原句] You can place a man by just a few remarks.
(1)remark on/upon remark that ... (2)make remarks on/upon (3)remarkable adj. 谈论/评论…… 说；评论说 对……发表评论/看法 非凡的；显著的
单句语法填空 “All happy families resemble one
①He once remarked that
another, but each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” ②As long as we listen, speak, read and write more, we are sure to make remarkable (remark) progress! ③It's bad manners to remark on/upon their shortcomings in the absence of other people.
3．acquaintance n．相识；了解；熟人 [教材原句] And I came to England to make your acquaintance!
? make one's acquaintance ? ? (1) make the acquaintance of sb.? ?
结识某人 对某事知道/了解 熟悉
have acquaintance with sth. (2)be acquainted with
[多角练透] 单句语法填空 ①It is a good chance for you to make the acquaintance of new people. ②There are many ways through which we can become
acquainted (acquaint) with the outside world. __________
have some acquaintance with
Japanese, but I don't
speak it fluently. 我对日语有些了解，但我讲得不流利。
4．fortune n．财产；大笔的钱；机会；运气 [经典例句] Good books can bring us a large fortune.
(1)seek/try one's fortune make a fortune have the good fortune to do sth. (2)fortunate adj.
找出路/碰运气 发财；赚钱 有幸做某事 幸运的；侥幸的(＝lucky)
be fortunate to do sth./in doing sth. 有幸做某事 (3)fortunately adv. 幸运地(＝luckily)
单句语法填空 ①I had the good fortune to be chosen abroad. ② Fortunately (fortune), a young man who was just passing by came up to the injured. 补全句子 (choose) for studying
their fortune ③Many young people leave their hometown to seek _______________
in big cities. 许多年轻人离开家乡去大城市碰运气。
句型转换 ④Happy is the man, who before dying, has the good fortune to sail the Aegean Sea.
is fortunate to sail →Happy is the man, who before dying, ________________
the Aegean Sea. [名师指津] fortune作名词且意为“机会；运气”时，是
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1．Our happiness began to fade (减弱) and our heart began to grow heavy. 2．If you have any questions, please don't hesitate _______ (犹豫) to ask me.
compromise (折衷) and each pays half the damages. 3．Let's ____________
4．If I'm not mistaken (弄错的), that's the man we saw on the bus.
5．That was a really horrible (可怕的) thing to say! 6．He was condemned (判刑) to death for murder and later hanged. 7．Luckily, he made a fortune (大笔的钱) by dealing with foreigners.
superior (优秀的) to any one we 8．Today's computers are ________
had ten years ago.
Ⅱ.单句语法填空 1．Please don't hesitate to call information. (call) me if you need more
acquaintances (acquaintance), so 2．He has a large number of _____________
he had no trouble in finding his destination. 3．Helen was chosen for the job because she was far superior
to any other candidate. ____
4．They were unwilling to compromise with the leaders.
5．The man was condemned (condemn) to six years in prison for treating his parents cruelly. 6．Some famous English professors from the USA and China
remarks (remark) on will be invited to be judges and make ________
the performances of the competitors. 7．The movie was so disgusting (disgust) that we walked out.
classifying (classify) the 8．Librarians spend a lot of time __________
books into several parts.
1．他对是否参加探险仍拿不定主意。(hesitate) He is still hesitating over whether to join the expedition. 2．老师评论说我的英语作文写得很好。 (remark)
The teacher remarked that my English composition was _________________________
well written. 3．他对音乐不怎么了解，然而他非常精通绘画。(acquaintance) He has little acquaintance with music, while he has a wide knowledge of painting.
4．他卖掉了西班牙的房产，赚了一大笔钱。(fortune) He made a fortune by selling property in Spain. 5．为了方便起见，我们可把学生分成四组。 (classify)
For convenience, we may classify the students into four groups ______________ .
1．in terms of ...就……来说；从……角度 [教材原句] Correct all these sentences in terms of grammar,
spelling, etc, so that she can use them properly. 从语法、拼写等方面改正这些句子，以便她能恰当地使用。
in the long/short term/run be on good terms with 就长远/短期而言 与……处得好
① In terms of study and health , we should develop a healthy lifestyle. 就学习和健康来说，我们应该养成健康的生活方式。
in the long ②The agreement should have very positive results __________
从长远来看，这个协议应该会产生非常积极的影响。 ③Bear in mind that with humor sense, you can always
be on good terms with others _________________________.
2．show ...in 带或领……进来 [经典例句] show us in. 这位商店的负责人过来领我们进去。 The man in charge of the shop came up to
①show ... out ②show off ③show up ④show sb. around/round ⑤show ... for sb. ⑥show ... to sb. 带或领……出去 炫耀；展示 出现；来到某处 领某人参观 向某人表示…… 给某人看……
[应用领悟] ①We should show our respect for old people, our parents and our teachers. 我们应该对老人、我们的父母和老师表示尊敬。 ②He showed great interest in the game in which the young man competed last night. 他对昨晚那个年轻人参赛的那个游戏很感兴趣。 ③You are coming to Hangzhou this weekend. I'll be very glad to show you around/round our beautiful city then. 这个周末你就要来杭州了，到时候我非常乐意带你参观我们的 这座美丽城市。
3．What if ...？“如果……将会怎样？” What_if I was? 如果我是，又怎么样呢？ “what if ...”结构其实是 what 后省略了 will happen。
What for？ So what? What's up? How come? 为什么？ 那又怎么样？ 怎么啦？发生什么事了？ 怎么会这样呢？
① What if everyone else brings a present? 如果每一个人都带来一份礼物会怎样呢？ ②—I'm afraid it's too expensive. — So what ? We've plenty of money. ——恐怕太贵了。 ——那有什么关系？ 我们有足够的钱。 ③—Susan is absent from today's writing class.
How come As far as I know, she has never missed a class. —__________?
pass ...off as, fade out, in terms of, in need of, once more， make one's acquaintance, generally speaking, show ...in
in need of 1．In an advertisement I know that your company is _________
a temporary interpreter. 2． He passed himself off as a doctor until someone checked his record. 3 ． In addition, I am thankful for the opportunity to have made her acquaintance ______________________. 4．Please wait here and
show the guests in when they don't
know how to find the art show hall.
pass ...off as, fade out, in terms of, in need of, once more， make one's acquaintance, generally speaking, show ...in
5．As the program ended, the music slowly someone began to speak.
faded out and
6．Generally speaking , when a child learns to read, he usually begins from ABC. 7 ． However, in terms of satisfactory. 8．The two sides did not agree on the subject for the first time, so today they will sit down once more to have a discussion. nutrition, fast food is far from
Ⅱ.句型转换 1．What should I do if I don't know the way to the station?
→ What if I don't know the way to the station?
2．He was lying in bed listening to the music and he was awake. →He was lying in bed, awake , listening to the music. 3．When they were asked who had broken the vase, the children all kept silent.
who had broken the vase the children all kept silent. →Asked ___________________________,
4．She sings well and dances beautifully too. →She
not only sings well but also dances
5．I suggest that we start early tomorrow. →My suggestion is that we should start early tomorrow.
1．当我们和朋友发生冲突的时候，换位思考是十分重要的。(be of＋n.) Putting ourselves in their shoes
is of great __________
importance/significance _____________________ when we have conflicts with friends.
2．他们开始做实验，希望会成功。(形容词短语作状语) They started the experiment, hopeful for success . 3．用了很长时间后，这本书看起来很旧了。 (过去分词短语作 状语)
Used for a long time the book looks old. __________________,
4．参加课外活动在我校很受欢迎，它不仅能使我们的学校生活 丰富多彩， 而且还能提高我们的学习。(not only ...but also ...)
which not only makes Taking part in afterclass activities, _____________________
our school life colorful but also improves our learning ________________________________________________,
very popular in our school. 5．如果她发现你把她的书丢了怎么办？ (what if ...？)
What if she finds out that you've lost her book _________________________________________?
1． Asked (ask) why he was late by the teacher, the naughty boy went red. 2． Moved (move) by the story, he decided to study harder from now on.
Seen (see) in the distance, the village looks more beautiful. 3． _____
4．Once performed (perform), the play was well received by the public.
5．Beaten (beat) by the opposite team, we didn't lose heart and encouraged each other. 6．Generally speaking, when taken (take) according to the directions, the drug has no side effect. 7．Once recovered (recover), he threw himself into his work and made every effort to do it well. 8．If translated (translate) word by word, the passage will be difficult to understand.
Compared with many middle school students ___________________________________ ____, she was very
Born into a poor family he had only two years of schooling. _____________________,
Given more time she would certainly have done much better. ______________,
Once formed, bad habits are hard to get rid of ___________ .
Though defeated once more, he still didn't give in _____________________________________________.
假定你是李华，你的英国朋友Jack对你们学校最近开展的 “书香校园”活动很感兴趣。请你用英语给他写一封信，内容 包括： 1．“书香校园”活动开展的情况； 2．你对该活动的看法。 注意：1.词数80左右； 2．可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：书香校园 Scholarly Campus
Dear Jack， I'm glad that you are interested in the Scholarly Campus activity in our school.
Wish you all the best! Yours， Li Hua
Dear Jack， I'm glad that you are interested in the Scholarly Campus activity in our school. I'm eager to tell you something about it. Recently our school has held the Scholarly Campus activity, aimed at encouraging us students to read more books. We have conducted several activities, such as holding class meetings about books, opening reading clubs, sharing reading experiences and so on. Now the concept of Scholarly Campus is so wellreceived that you can find students read books all over the campus. As for me, I'm more than happy to join in the activity. I'm sure it will bring benefits for students. Wish you all the best! Yours， Li Hua
强化2次练”见“Unit 4 强化2次练”